CATARACT SURGERY IN MADRID, THE SOLUTION TO YOUR VISION PROBLEMS
WHAT ARE CATARACTS?
The crystalline is a small natural lens, located behind the iris, which we have inside the eye. It is rounded, avascular and transparent.
Under normal conditions the lens is transparent, any congenital opacity (developed from birth) or acquired in the capsule or lens content is what we call cataract.
The cataract is the total or partial opacification of the crystalline lens, a natural lens that we have inside the eye. Age-associated cataract develops progressively, resulting in bilateral, asymmetric and progressive vision loss. It can also improve the near vision of the affected person.
This process causes a blurring of the light in the retina, so that the patient suffers a progressive worsening of his visual quality that, if not treated, can end in partial or total blindness.
The cataract associated with age develops progressively, and produces bilateral, asymmetric and progressive loss of vision. It can also improve the short-range vision of the affected person.
SYMPTOMS OF CATARACTS
TYPES OF CATARACTS
WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE OF A CATARACT OPERATION?
The most frequent cause of cataract development is age, although there are also other important causes, such as trauma, or some drugs and diseases.
This loss of vision is reversible thanks to a fast, painless and highly effective surgical treatment that we will explain below.
DIAGNOSIS OF CATARACTS
As in all pathologies, early diagnosis of cataract is very important, since the patient will gradually lose vision without hardly realizing it.
Diagnosis is a simple eye exam. However, in most cataract diagnoses the loss of vision is already very advanced and therefore the patient is likely to have had poor visual quality for many years.
Cataracts are diagnosed by a simple eye exam.
At clinic Martínez de Carneros we use two techniques to eliminate cataract: facoemulsification technique or femtosecond laser technique:
In the Phacoemulsification technique, the surgeon performs a 2.0 mm microincision to access the inside of the eye. Then, the capsulorhexis is performed, a circular opening of the capsule containing the crystalline, which allows access to the cataract.
It is fractured manually and with the help of ultrasound, and then suctioned.
This is an outpatient operation performed under topical anesthesia and sedation.
Femtosecond laser technique:
This surgery can be performed with the new femtosecond laser. This laser assists cataract surgery by making the incision, capsulorhexis (improving the centering of the intraocular lens and minimizing risks), fragmentation and cataract crushing.
Since the lens functions as a natural lens within the eye, we have to replace its refractive capacity with an artificial intraocular lens when removing it. The choice of this lens will depend on our visual ability and our expectation of dependence on glasses after surgery.
WHEN TO OPERATE THE CATARACTS?
The first step is to perform a series of tests to assess the condition of the cataract and evaluate the timing of surgery, as well as a complete exploration of the eyeball, which includes a study of your retina.
All this gives us the necessary information prior to surgery, in order to be able to perform a cataract intervention adapted to each case.
The surgeon will evaluate the tests performed and guide you about the surgery to be performed, in addition to the intraocular lens to be implanted recommended.
Also in the area of patient care we will inform you about the instructions prior to surgery, as well as about the preoperative treatment to follow.
HOW'S THE LASER CATARACT OPERATION?
It is a precise laser that accompanies and assists the surgeon during the intervention of cataracts , achieves greater safety and precision during surgery. This laser technology is also used in the refractive surgery .
The femtosecond laser performs the surgical planning, previously designed by the surgeon, which includes incisions and capsulorhexis (cataract fragmentation and cataract removal).
This is an advanced technique that provides precision, safety and speed in cataract surgery . Its introduction represents a revolution in the surgical procedure, as it modifies and provides significant advantages over the technique of phacoemulsification using ultrasound.
WHAT TYPES OF INTRAOCULAR LENSES EXIST TO OPERATE ON CATARACTS?
HOW MUCH DOES A CATARACT OPERATION COST?
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT CATARACT SURGERY
The patient will recover vision from the first moment after surgery, however, the recovery of visual quality will improve as the days go by.
In the clinic we have two techniques for the operation of cataracts: Facoemulsification technique or femtosecond laser technique.
The ophthalmologist will evaluate your case by carrying out some tests and thus evaluate the opportune moment to proceed with the surgery.
No, this is an outpatient operation and is performed under topical anesthesia and sedation.
By replacing the natural crystalline lens with an intraocular lens, other refractive problems such as myopia, astigmatism, etc. can be corrected. There are monofocal lenses (good distant vision), bifocal lenses (good distant and intermediate vision) and trifocal lenses (they are the most advanced lenses of the moment and cover distant, intermediate and near vision).
No, however, it may happen that the capsule containing the lens may, over time, become fibrous, clouding the patient’s vision. To recover the visual quality again a technique called “Capsulotomy” is used.
Yes, cataract surgery can be performed using the Femtosecond laser, which assists the surgeon with greater precision.